Plants and Gardens Perform Best With Regular Feeding

Soil, watering and care are major factors in the growth of a plant. But too much watering, heavy downfalls of rain, dry spells, and vigorous plant growth can all reduce the nutrients naturally found in soil, leaving the plants malnourished.

But it’s so easy to replace the nutrients lost from the soil and then some, to ensure your plant grows to be the healthiest and biggest it can be! A regular feeding regime goes a long way to doing your garden and its inhabitants the world of good.

Plant Feeding Can Be Simple

Feeding your plants regularly doesn’t have to be expensive or time consuming.  Maxicrop Plus Complete Garden Feed is a balanced all-purpose seaweed extract based fertiliser for great for excellent healthy growth all round the garden, including all flowers, vegetables, shrubs, fruit and trees, and even houseplants!

 

Specified Plant Feeds

You will receive better results if you do have the time to use targeted plant foods for a specific type of plant, as each one is      formulated to be that specific plants needs, where as complete garden feeds for all plants tend to be weaker and more general formulas, for easy and quick use.

Flowerbeds and borders will benefit from the use of Maxicrop Plus Flower Fertiliser. It is a seaweed extract based fertiliser formulated specifically for flowering plants, including bedding plants, hanging baskets, tubs, containers and borders. It produces brighter, healthier and longer lasting blooms.

Maxicrop also offer plant specific formulas for Bonsais, Cactus & Succulents, and Orchids.

For excellent natural yield on tomato and other crops, Maxicrop Plus Tomato Fertiliser is recommended, and many growers will use nothing else!

It is important to regularly feed your container plants throughout the summer as they are in need of plenty of nourishment to perform at their best, especially where there are several plants in the same container, as any fertiliser in the compost will soon get used up.  Keep plants performing at their peak, no matter what their position or neighbours, by using Complete Garden Feed or a specified fertiliser, and you will be sure to see results. You will wonder how you ever managed without feeding your garden!

 

 

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Keep a colourful and flourishing garden during extreme weather

The record breaking weather we have experienced recently has affected our gardens in various ways, and we have to adapt to these extreme changes, so learning how to garden during droughts, deluges, arctic chills and heat-waves is a main priority.

garden flooding

Record breaking rain fall has hit the UK this year

Although many of our plants will adapt and toughen up to the weather extremes, for some it will be their undoing, separating the strong from the weak. But that shouldn’t prevent you from enjoying some of your favourite more tender plants, even during biting frost. There are preventative measures that can be taken during particularly cold and icy winters. We suggest using a frost protection spray to lessen the damage and aid adaption. Also, keeping such plants in an environment where frost is at a minimum, such as a shed with a window or a greenhouse, will help keep them in tip top shape over winter.

A greenhouse is one of the best investments for any gardener in this changing climate, and sowing plants inside and allowing them to grow and prepare before transferring into the garden is a must for veg and perennials.

greenhouse climate change gardening extreme weather

A greenhouse or shed is a gardener’s best friend during climate change

The early summer in March, followed by non-stop rain in May, June and July, caused many garden centres to cancel their orders for bedding plants. Wholesalers ended up having to compost thousands of cancelled bedding plant orders, and the trade has still not picked up, as sales are remaining poor for garden centres this year. But this could mean good news for you. There is no better time than the present to go on a hunt for some bargains on shrubs, perennials and veg plants.

Whatever the weather, tender perennials seem to be able to adapt and perform well. Many of the salvias, including the dark pink S. involucrata ‘Bethellii’ and the blue ‘Indigo Spires’ seem to spring back no matter what. Argyranthemums are equally as good, and the pale yellow ‘Jamaica Primrose’ brings a beautiful burst of colour to the garden.

jamaica primrose

‘Jamaica Primrose’

Plants with tall, leafless stems of colourful bulbs and perennials, such as the Verbena bonariensis, can be beautiful and useful as the naked stems give an airy feel and allow different plants to mingle closer together. Thalictrum delavayi is also a popular choice, as it has branching sprays of tiny lavender flowers and fine foliage. Dianthus carthusianorum has intense magenta flowers, and regular deadheading will keep it blooming from July to September at least. This looks well mixed with naked stemmed tulbaghias (lilac flowers). Alliums and eremurus in late spring and early summer are brilliant, and can be ordered for autumn planting.

Before you embark on your summer holidays, be sure all your plants are prepared. Soak all pots, despite if it is wet, and move them into shade. Deadhead the flowers, especially the annuals, so they will be blooming when come back. Harvest all nearly ripe vegetables to prevent rotten crops from spreading disease, and cut back any over long growth on trees and shrubs in case of storms.

Maxicrop’s guide to Mulching

Mulches are materials that are placed over the soil’s surface to trap in moisture and improve the soil’s overall conditions. Mulching is one of the best and most beneficial techniques of keeping plants and trees healthy as it reduces water loss from the soil, minimizes weeds, and improve the soil’s overall structure.

Mulch

However, if not done properly, for instance if the mulch is too deep or is made of the wrong materials, it will have the opposite effect, causing significant damage, so it is vital to know your mulch! That’s why Maxicrop have put together a guide to mulching, to help gardeners get to terms with one of the best but often tricky gardening techniques.

Benefits of Mulching

  • Helps soil retain moisture by reducing evaporation, hence the need for watering is minimized.
  • Helps control weeds in the garden by creating less than ideal conditions for germination and growth for weeds.
  • Serves as nature’s insulating blanket. It helps keep soil temperature up in winter, and reduces it in summer.
  • Various types of mulch improve soil aeration, structure and drainage over time.
  • Some types of mulch improve soil fertility.
  • A layer of mulch can prevent certain plant diseases from plaguing your garden.
  • Mulching around trees helps facilitate maintenance and can reduce the likelihood of damage from “weed whackers” or the dreaded “lawn mower blight.”
  • Mulch can give plant beds a well-cared-for look.

A plant bed with mulch can look attractive and cared for

Types of Mulch

You can buy prepacked mulches in many forms from local garden centres. The two main types you will come across are inorganic and organic. Inorganic includes various types of stone, lava rock, pulverized rubber, geo-textile fabrics, and other materials. The upside to this type of mulch will not need to be replaced often as it does not decompose. The downside is it won’t improve soil structure, add organic materials, or provide nutrients because it doesn’t decompose. For these reasons, most gardeners opt for organic mulches.

Organic include wood chips, pine needles, hardwood and softwood bark, cocoa hulls, leaves, compost mixes, and a variety of other products usually from plants. The upside to this type of mulch is it will add nutrients and organic materials, as well as improving soil structure as it decomposes. The downside is that as most decompose fairly fast, the need for maintenance is increased.

Not Too Much!

Although mulch has highly beneficial factors, you can always have too much of a good thing. Too much mulch could do serious harm, so the general recommended depth of mulch is 2 to 4 inches. Only replenish as the mulch decomposes, and never venture outside these depth limits.

Rubber Mulch

Problems Associated with Improper Mulching

  • Deep mulch can cause excess moisture to pool around the roots, giving plants and trees root rot.
  • Piling too much mulch around stems and trunks can traumatise stem tissues and lead to disease.
  • Use of mulches containing cut grass or similar materials over a long period of time can affect soil pH and lead to micronutrient deficiencies or toxicities.
  • Thick blankets of fine mulch can become matted and may prevent the penetration of water and air. In addition, a thick layer of fine mulch can become like potting soil and may support weed growth.
  • Anaerobic “sour” mulch is likely to give off nasty odours and the alcohols and organic acids that build up may be toxic to young plants.

Mulch gives plants and trees essential nutrients and locks in moisture

How To Practice ‘Proper’ Mulching

So we have now established that the type of mulch and the method of application have an important effect on the health of landscape plants. The following are some guidelines to use when applying mulch:

  • Inspect plants and soil in the area to be mulched. Determine whether drainage is adequate. Determine whether there are plants that may be affected by the choice of mulch. Most commonly available mulches work well in most landscapes. Some plants may benefit from the use of slightly acidifying mulch such as pine bark.
  • If mulch is already present, check the depth. Do not add mulch if there is a sufficient layer in place. Rake the old mulch to break up any matted layers and to refresh the appearance. Some landscape maintenance companies spray mulch with a water-soluble, vegetable-based dye to improve the appearance.
  • If mulch is piled against the stems or tree trunks, pull it back several inches so that the base of the trunk and the root crown are exposed.
  • Organic mulches usually are preferred to inorganic materials due to their soil-enhancing properties. If organic mulch is used, it should be well aerated and, preferably, composted. Avoid sour-smelling mulch.
  • Composted wood chips can make good mulch, especially when they contain a blend of leaves, bark, and wood. Fresh wood chips also may be used around established trees and shrubs. Avoid using non-composted wood chips that have been piled deeply without exposure to oxygen.
  • For well-drained sites, apply a 2- to 4-inch layer of mulch. If there are drainage problems, a thinner layer should be used. Avoid placing mulch against the tree trunks. Place mulch out to the tree’s drip line or beyond.

Climate change: How to keep a healthy garden in a changing climate

Climate change is at the top of political, environmental and scientific agendas worldwide. However, they may be combating the bigger picture, but no-one is considering the effect it is having on horticulture and gardening here in the UK. Maxicrop take a look at what the changing climate means for our gardens, and how we can best adapt to the constant changes.

garden flood climate change weather

Flood Garden

Seasons change

The general effect of climate change will be seen on our seasonal weather and expected temperatures. Summers will become hotter and drier. Lawns will become malnourished and brown, bedding plants and vegetables will require far more water, trees will scorch and lose their leaves prematurely, and hosepipe bans are likely to be far more widespread.

Winters will become warmer and wetter. You may have noticed there has already been less frost and snow, as well as heavier downpours and more frequent rain. This will continue to increase, and our gardens will suffer from storms and flooding from the excess downfall.

Spring is coming around increasingly earlier, at the moment at a rate of 2-6 days earlier each decade, and summer will become longer, and extend into what would have been autumn, at a rate of 2 days later per decade.

The impact on gardens

How will the changing climate affect our gardens? Our gardens are special ecosystems, and they combine many different plants and materials such as water, wood and concrete. Fortunately, plants in gardens are much more adaptable to climate change than those in natural and semi-natural ecosystems, where the fight for survival is tough.  Unfortunately, anyone tending to a historically important garden which is required to look the same in 2050 as it did in 1750, there will be issues faced, and the National Trust is already aware of this. For home gardeners, the majority of the plants in the garden today will survive the change in climate, but are not necessarily safe from the changing weather.

climate change trees

Trees could suffer from lack of moisture

What can we do?

There is plenty that we can do to help our gardens stay healthy and gradually adjust to the changing climate.

Be adventurous: Play around with new ideas and exotic plants that you haven’t thought of or been able to manage in the previously cold UK climate. Olives and bananas are fast becoming a popular crop choice in the changing climate, as are Albizia and Strelitzia flowers. For more exotic plant ideas, check out Climate Change Gardening. You can provide more shade for summer using Pergolas and similar structures, so that the garden can still be enjoyed even when it is too hot to work in. If some plants succumb to recurring droughts or new pests, simply pick a new plant to try and grow. Trial and error is the best way to find what will work best.

Be greener: Start (if you don’t already) to store rain water so when droughts and hose pipe bans occur, you have a natural and sustainable alternative water source. Opt for plants and soils that store carbon. oUse Organic and permeable materials rather than concrete for paving, as concrete causes large amounts of carbon to be emitted into the atmosphere in its manufacture and transport, and offers nothing in return. Deep cultivation of the soil to add organic matter, organic mulching, and growing woody plants all help to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere (and also help the soil absorb and store water). Use of an organic fertiliser product like Maxicrop will protect your plants all year round, as it helps soil to store moisture in dry periods, and also prevents plants from getting ‘wet feet’ (too much water collected around their roots) in periods of heavy and frequent rain.

Arum Lily, Calla Lily - Zantedeschia aethiopica Green Goddess

Try growing something exotic like this Arum Lily – ‘Green Goddess’

Think ‘sustainable’:  When buying gardening tools and working in the garden, aim to avoid powered tools such as hedge-trimmers and lawnmowers. Use sustainable tools such as shears that can be continuously sharpened and hand propelled mowers. For small lawns, push mowers are a great alternative to powered equipment. For large lawns, opt for a cylinder mower as they use far less fuel than a rotary.

Be flexible and adaptable: Rather than trying to control problems, a more effective method for gardeners is to avoid them. By keeping your garden in a strong and healthy condition all year round, and with an assorted variety of youthful plants, you will help guard against disaster as, if one plant fails, the gap can easily be filled.

How to save water and still have a healthy garden this Spring/Summer

With the potential for a mass drought looming most parts of the UK, saving water in any way possible is crucial. We have put together a simple guide for gardeners to help you save water without sacrificing your beautiful garden.

save water

Are you watering your plants at the right times?

A vital part of having a flourishing and productive garden is watering the plants and crops. But most of us really stop to think about when we water our garden, we just do it whenever we have the time or feel the need. But in actual fact watering your garden early morning or in the late evening will reduce the amount of water lost to evaporation as these times are the coolest times of the day. You can also maximise the efficiency of water uptake from the soil by using Maxicrop.

It is a common misconception that plants need watering often. In actual fact, if you water your garden too often it will can cause the roots to remain shallow causing the plant to become weak. You should leave the plants alone until they show signs of wilting before watering them.

save water gardening

Using a water-butt to catch rainfall can save water and £££s

When you do come to watering them, try to use a free and sustainable water source such as rainwater that can be collected in water-butts rather than using a mains supply. If you do want to use the hose pipe, assuming there isn’t a ban, you can purchase nozzles to be added to them to control the flow and amount of water over all that you use.

Make sure your regularly weed your garden to ensure the unwanted weeds aren’t taking up the water that is meant for the plants. Mulches such as wood chips, bark and gravel help to prevent water evaporation and also suppress weed growth, saving you both water and the need for weeding often.

save water garden

Did you know? A sprinkler uses as much water in one hour as a family of four use in two days…

Plants, flowers and shrubs such as thyme, evening primrose, rock rose, Californian poppy, pinks, lavender, buddleia and hebes all survive well in dry conditions and will hardly need any water at all. Lawns are able to survive for long periods of time in dry and hot conditions providing the grass is not cut too short. So there is no need to be using excess water by installing sprinkler systems, as the even if the grass starts to turn brown, after a few days of rain fall it can easily recuperate itself.

Worried about the summer 2012 drought? No need to be…

Maxicrop – Helps reduce drought problems

Gardeners and growers could benefit from the unique action of certain seaweed extracts in helping plants cope better in dry conditions.

We believe the main reason that keen gardeners and commercial growers in the UK use Maxicrop seaweed extract is for the stronger, healthier growth that results from its use.

However, it has been shown that Maxicrop can also helps plants cope better with stress – including drought stress. Maxicrop works by improving the efficiency of uptake of water from the soil and by allowing plants to cope better physiologically with drought stress.

Improving the efficiency of uptake of water from the soil

Regular use of Maxicrop increases root mass and rooting depth – from seedlings to mature plants – see images below. The greater the root mass and depth, the greater the potential to take up available water from the soil.

Researchers at the University of Wales recorded a near trebling of root weight with perennial ryegrass after five weeks following use of Maxicrop – they concluded that: “The ability of Maxicrop to improve root development gives the plant a greater potential to increase nutrient uptake. Similarly, under field conditions, an increased resistance to water stress could be expected from a more extensive root system.”

More and deeper plant roots will tend to give better soil structure – allowing rainwater to enter and penetrate the soil better, with less run off.

Allowing plants to cope better physiologically with drought stress

Some naturally occurring substances in seaweed – such as mannitol and betaines – are known to enable plants to cope better physiologically with drought stress.

These substances work as ‘osmoprotectants’ in plants – increasing the ability of the plant cells to maintain an internal cell solute concentration when the external solute concentration is high – enabling plants to function better in drought conditions – see images below.

Will Maxicrop cure a severe drought problem?

Absolutely not! – but it can help the situation as described above, as part of an overall package of measure that gardeners can employ – such as water conservation (water butts, etc.) using dish or bath water, watering early morning or late evening (to reduce evaporation) mulching (to hold moisture) etc.

However, if plants don’t get enough water they will not ‘do’ – Maxicrop will help, but it is not a miracle cure for drought!

Which product and how much?

We recommend mixing 45ml of Maxicrop Original seaweed extract in 9 litres of water (typical watering can full) – this solution can be applied as a root drench or foliar spray every 7 to 14 days (every 7 days in hot, dry weather). Watering cans or knapsack sprayers can be used to apply the solution.

Although positive effects on root growth start to occur after just two applications, it is important to apply regularly to get the best effect.

Applied in this way, a litre bottle of Maxicrop Original (costing £8.29) will be sufficient for a garden of 140 sq.m. (assuming the whole garden is fed for a 3 month period).

Maxicrop Original contains negligible quantities of N P K fertiliser and so tends to be used by gardeners who already use some sort of fertiliser mix. Maxicrop Complete Garden Feed has all the advantages of Maxicrop seaweed with the added benefit of 5:5:5 NPK fertiliser.

The benefits of Maxicrop in normal/non drought situations (better rooting, greener leaves, stronger healthier growth) make it excellent value for money – helping as part of a package of measures to cope with drought conditions is an added benefit.

Image Below- Roots with & without seaweed extract blend treatment

Species Salvia. Top row plants treated with root drench containing seaweed extract blend.

Top row plants in each case treated with root drench containing seaweed extract blend.

Image Below – Plants with & without Maxicrop treatment